127
首   页 我   们 专   题 活   动 人   物 作   品 论   语 图   书 资   材 理事单位
ISSUES 杂志介绍 内容浏览 投稿须知 购买订阅 广告服务 联系我们
当期导读
过刊查询
增刊、副刊、专刊
  / 2016-02   文章浏览 返回
《四景山水图》中的南宋文人园林造景手法探讨
作     者_____朱翥
关键词____--
摘     要_____
《四景山水图》中的南宋文人园林造景手法探讨
The Study on the Landscaping Methods of Literati Garden in the Southern Song Dynasty from the Famous Painting “Landscapes of the Four Seasons” 
朱翥
ZHU Zhu
摘要:南宋是中国古典园林发展的重要时期;宋室南渡,经济文化中心南移,文人园林在江南得到了极大的发展,逐步成为主流风格。《四景山水图》是南宋山水画的代表作,是研究南宋文人园林的重要历史资料。通过对该组作品空间布局、造景元素及细部等方面进行提炼,探讨南宋文人园林基本造景手法与山水美学特色。认为南宋文人园林在注重意境表达外,具有丰富的空间层次及显著的江南地域特色。
关键词:南宋;文人园林;四景山水图;山水画;江南
Abstract: The Southern Song Dynasty is an important period in the history of classical Chinese garden development. After the Song court fled south following the Jin invasion, and its capital was set in Lin'an, even led to economic and cultural center shift from north to south. The Literati Garden was well developed and expanded dramatically in South Regions of the Yangtze River. It was gradually becoming the mainstay. Landscapes of the Four Seasons is the masterpiece of the Chinese landscape painting in the Southern Song Dynasty, and it is an important antique in the study of Literati Garden in the Southern Song Dynasty. From the group works, improve the space distribution pattern, landscape elements and details, to summarize the basic landscaping methods of Literati Garden in the Southern Song Dynasty and explore the aesthetics expressions of landscape design. The paper concludes that the Literati Garden in the Southern Song Dynasty paid attention to the?expression?of?artistic conception, the various space structures and the significant regional characteristic about South Regions of the Yangtze River.
Key words: The Southern Song Dynasty; Literati Garden; Landscapes of the Four Seasons; Chinese Landscape Painting; South Regions of the Yangtze River
本文“南宋文人园林”指随宋室南渡,南宋造园将先进的北宋造园技术、北宋士大夫文化及江南地域环境融合,形成的富有意境的山水园林①,也可称“南宋江南文人园林”;南宋疆域之北界,因金人的入侵而南移。②故“南宋文人园林”具有典型的江南特征及诗画意境的山水风格,是研究江南园林发展的重要部分。
1 南宋文人园林概述
南方山水画自北宋董源、巨然始,注重描绘淡雅、高洁的画风。南方画风与粗犷的北方山水画截然相反;至南宋早期,李唐的作品仍显壮丽,基本延续北方山水画派的风格;随着文化融合,南方简约风格成为南宋画院的主要流派。文人园林受到文人山水画的影响,随之确立风格;文人园林与文人山水画相似,属于同一类美学体系,其文人造园理论与山水画论一脉相承。宋代是中国古代绘画的鼎盛期,南宋时期的界画和山水画同步发展、相互融合,以《四景山水图》为代表的一批作品既体现了“亭台楼阁”的写实性描绘,又反映了多样且富有意境的山水空间。目前,在缺乏南宋园林考古遗址的前提下,利用少量仅存的南宋山水画(具有一定写实性)及相关历史文献,对其造景元素、空间布局等进行研究及探讨,仍具有一定的意义。(未完待续)
上一篇文章   /   下一篇文章